Roman kings – Myth and reality
Thanks to the kingdom system you can rule over a large empire in Travian: Kingdoms, be it as a Gaul, Teuton or Roman. Just like Julius Caesar, who subdued the Gauls, you can become the sole ruler of the ancient world. In reality, Julius Caesar was neither emperor nor king. Even his heir, Augustus, was formally not a dynastic ruler. Ancient Romans associated many bad things with kingship and the assassination of Caesar was a reaction to the popular fear that he could crown himself king. The rejection of the monarchy is rooted in Rome’s history, since before the founding of the Roman republic, Rome really was a kingdom.
Romulus and Remus
According to the legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus, who were descendants of the Trojan hero and were brought up by a female wolf. Following an altercation Romulus slayed his brother and became the first king of Rome. He was succeeded by six other rulers, who are each accredited with different legendary actions by the ancient Roman historians. The last king, the tyrant Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, is said to have been driven out of Rome in 510 BC.
Legend and historical reality
So much about the legend. While there are many sources from the times of the republic and empire, hardly any historical sources exist about the time of the Roman kings. Contemporary historians assume that it was the Etruscans who settled in the area between the end of the 9th century and the middle of the 8th century BC and who called the new city “Roma”. Many dispute the existence of the first kings completely; for the last three of them, they question the durations of their reign as recorded by the Romans. It is assumed that the kingdom was not abolished until around 470 BC.
The rise of the patricians
Already during the kingship period a separation existed between the nobility and the common people, i.e. between the patricians and the plebs. Even the famous Roman senate already existed and, just like in the later republic, only had an advisory role. The end of the kingship was preluded by the growing power of the patricians. Due to their wealth and military influence they had nurtured a claim to power, which the Etruscans didn’t want to accede to them. So they freed themselves from foreign dominion, resulting in the founding of the republic. Some sources claim that following the ousting of Tarquinius Superbus and the takeover by the senate, the first consul was elected. Historians however believe that this only occurred at a later time.
Republic and empire
The further course of history is generally known: During the time of the republic, Rome grew to become an important power in the Mediterranean. Julius Caesar’s push for power marked the end of the republic. Following his assassination, his successor and adopted son Gaius Octavius, who later called himself Augustus, paved the way for the Roman empire. While emperors were mostly sole rulers, there were no future kings, even during the eras of separation, Christianization and the downfall of the Roman empire. But thankfully you don’t have to stick to history in Travian: Kingdoms. Found your village, become a mighty ruler and as a king, you can create your empire that will outlast time.